Certificate of Origin:
No certificate of origin is required. The FTA provides that whenever an importer makes a claim for preferential tariff treatment for a good, that:
1. It has reason to question the accuracy of a deemed certification; or
2. Its risk assessment procedures indicate that verification of an entry is appropriate; or
3. It conducts a random verification.
Shipper’s Export Declaration (SED):
As is the case with exports to other countries, the US government requires submission of a SED, if the value of the shipment is greater than $2,500. Exporters can use the free internet-based system to file (www.aesdirect.gov).
Exporters should be aware that commercial invoices for all shipments from the United States must bear a notarized affidavit: I, (name, title, and name of company), hereby swear that the prices stated in this invoice are the current export market prices for the merchandise described, that the products being shipped are of US origin, and that they have been manufactured in the United States. I accept full responsibility for any inaccuracies therein. (Signature) [If the products being shipped contain any foreign components, the country of origin and percentage of foreign content in the goods must be indicated on the invoice.]
For shipments to Morocco, exporters are required to provide, in original form, an airway bill and a packing list.
Import restrictions apply only to firearms, explosives, used clothing and used tires. For more information on export licenses, please refer to the Web site for the Bureau of Industry and Security or contact the TIC at 1-800-USA-TRADE.
The U.S. private sector supports the Agreement because it: (1) evens the playing field with European competitors; (2) expands market access; (3) bolsters economic reforms already underway in Morocco; (4) builds on a long history of close U.S.-Moroccan relations; (5) promotes jobs, democracy, and stability; and (6) furthers President Bush's goal of a broader United States-Middle East Free Trade Agreement. The Agreement reinforces many of the economic reforms undertaken by Morocco in the past five years. King Mohamed VI has moved his country away from economic central planning. Morocco has already begun to liberalize its telecommunications sector, reform its audio/visual industry, modernize its financial sector, and enact strong legislation to protect intellectual property rights ("IPR"). The Agreement helps solidify and expand these benefits, enhancing prospects for US companies. Other countries in the Middle East, also interested in free trade agreements with the United States, are looking at this Agreement as an example for their own economic restructuring and development. The Agreement will promote job growth, stability, and democracy in Morocco, a close Arab ally of the United States, as well as here at home. Job creation is one of the United States and Morocco's highest priorities. The Agreement creates opportunities for new U.S.-Moroccan business partnerships that can, in turn, spur employment gains in both our countries. Finally, increased trade will support Morocco's move toward greater democracy. Morocco's October 2002 parliamentary elections were widely hailed as free and fair. In those elections, Morocco permanently reserved more than 10 percent of Parliament's seats for female lawmakers. Morocco has been a steadfast ally in the war against terror. The United States and Morocco have maintained a long, cooperative relationship. Morocco was the first country to recognize the independent United States and the country with which we have the longest treaty relationship. The Agreement is the capstone of a bilateral relationship that dates back more than two centuries.
Parity with the European Union:
The European Union and Morocco implemented a free trade agreement ("Association Agreement") in March 2000. Over the last 10 years, EU exports to Morocco have doubled. Between 1999 and 2001, European goods accounted for nearly 60 percent of Moroccan imports, while U.S. goods accounted for less than 6 percent. The Agreement levels the playing field for U.S. companies vis-à-vis their European competitors and helps increase U.S. market share in the North African market. In short, the Agreement provides parity for U.S. export priorities with the European Union. In addition, the design of the Agreement is comprehensive; it includes services and investments, as well as goods and commodities. For U.S. service providers, this means that existing barriers to services trade (i.e., capital requirements and regulatory frameworks have been made more transparent, been decreased, or will be phased-out completely). By contrast, the EU-Morocco Association Agreement contains more limited, less comprehensive services commitments and does not contain the high-standard investment protections available to U.S. investors under the Agreement.
Middle East Free Trade Area:
Morocco is the North African pillar in a U.S.-Middle East Free Trade Agreement (MEFTA), as announced by President Bush in May 2003. MEFTA reflects the U.S. government's long-term commitment to promoting economic growth, expanding opportunities, and ensuring stability in the region. The region-wide free trade agreement, to be completed by 2013, will provide new export opportunities to U.S. farmers, ranchers, and manufacturers. Jordan and Israel are already FTA partners; negotiations with Bahrain were recently concluded.
The U.S.-Morocco FTA dramatically increased market access opportunities in Morocco for U.S. manufacturers and service providers and investors. An average tariff rate of 28.3 percent now hinders U.S. exports to Morocco. When the Agreement entered into force on January 1, 2006, Morocco immediately eliminated tariffs on 92 percent of U.S. non-textile industrial exports-a record for an FTA signed with a developing country partner. Morocco is the United States' ninth largest goods trading partner on the African continent, with $958 million in two-way trade in 2002. Civil aircraft, chemicals, information technology, and energy products make up the largest U.S. exports to Morocco. Small and medium-sized enterprises ("SMEs") comprise more than 97 percent of U.S. exporters and will benefit just as much as-if not more than-their larger brethren under the Agreement. The Agreement provides particularly significant opportunities for trade in goods in the following non-textile industrial sectors:
Services represent 54 percent of Morocco's GDP. This is slightly less than the average for most developing countries. Morocco stated that one of its primary interests in concluding the Agreement was to improve the climate for investment from the United States. As such, the Agreement reinforces the on-going development of Morocco's legal and regulatory reforms and development plans for many sectors of interest to U.S. service providers: telecommunications, e-commerce, engineering and infrastructure services, environmental and energy services among them. Morocco, a developing country, has taken on the many fundamental commitments and obligations under the Agreement that will provide the basis for enhanced liberalization and opportunities for U.S. companies providing services as well as products. The Agreement provides a framework for transparency in Morocco's regulatory framework for services in three areas: standard setting; the regulatory application process; and judicial, arbitral, and administrative procedures. These reinforce services and investment reforms already underway in many services sectors by lowering, phasing out, or making more transparent barriers to services trade and inward investment. In effect, the Agreement institutionalizes international business law, accounting procedures and standards, opening Morocco up to increased U.S. business, direct investment, as well as agricultural and service sector exports. Hot Service Sectors Include:
U.S. industry has expressed a high level of satisfaction with the IPR provisions of the Agreement. U.S. industry calls the Agreement's IPR chapter, "the most advanced IP chapter in any FTA negotiated so far" and "a precedential agreement for future FTAs." Morocco has agreed to protect IPR to a degree unseen in many other developing countries. Some of the highlights for enhanced copyright, trademark, and patent protection and enforcement include:
Patents & Undisclosed Information
Prepared by the International Trade Administration
Trade Information Center