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United States Foreign Commercial Service, Shenyang

Northeast China

The mission of our office is to assist American businesses enter and succeed in the Northeast China market. Our jurisdiction covers the provinces of Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, together representing the fastest growing region of mainland China, with a population of 110 million and a land area of 800k square kilometers.

China’s Northeast region is rich in natural resources, including coal, oil, iron ore, and timber. The region is China’s heavy industrial center for iron and steel, oil, petrochemicals, shipbuilding, machine tools, aviation, and automobile manufacturing. Encompassing one of the world’s three black earth belts, the region is also an important agricultural, animal husbandry, and forestry base for China. The Northeast is China’s largest producer of corn, soybeans, and wheat, and the production of fruit crops and aquaculture are also rising in significance.

In 2003, the central government launched the “Revitalize Northeast” initiative, offering policy and financial incentives aimed at reforming state-owned industrial enterprises and developing new industries in the region, such as information technology, food processing, and services. Since then, plans and policies have continued to develop the Northeast as an important base for China’s manufacturing equipment, new materials and energy sources, grain and agricultural/stock production, and technological R&D and innovation. The Northeast has also been designated an area for ecological protection, including the region’s wildlife, mountain ranges, wetlands, forests, and grasslands.

In China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan (2011-2015), which outlines key economic development goals for the country, the Northeast was specifically mentioned in regards to continuing revival of the region’s historic industrial base. Key areas of development focus for Northeast China include:

Equipment manufacturing

Raw materials

Automobiles

Agricultural products and processing

Financial services

Logistics

Tourism

Software and IT

Other development targets include deepening the reform of state-owned enterprises, supporting the region as a strategic base of national grain production and using the region as a food security base, promoting development of the private sector and SME’s, and reforming collective corporate owned factories.

Northeast China Economic Statistics:

Year

GDP (million USD)

GDP growth rate

Foreign Trade (million USD)

Total Imports (million USD)

Total Exports (million USD)

2010

618,173

21.38

123,016

58,306

64,710

2011

751,012

21.48

156,860

72,640

84,220

2012

840,498

11.92

166,382

88,019

78,373

Liaoning Province

As the most industrialized province of the Northeast region, Liaoning has benefited significantly from the government’s “Revitalize Northeast” initiative, undertaken in 2003. The capital city Shenyang, together with six mid-sized surrounding cities, is expanding into a “Greater Shenyang” region. In China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan, the development of the Shenyang Economic Zone was indicated as a national priority. The zone covers 8 large cities and 7 smaller cities. Shenyang is also hosting China’s 12th National Games, held August-September 2013, and infrastructure in the city and province have been boosted in preparation for the games.

Liaoning has the largest variety of manufacturing industries in China, including machine tools, metallurgy, transformers, petrochemicals, iron & steel, and crude oil. Well-established industries in the province include automobile parts and manufacturing, modern construction, agriculture products and processing, chemicals, and steel and nonferrous metals processing. Emerging industries include advanced equipment manufacturing, IT, biopharmaceuticals, aviation, new materials, and energy and environmental technologies.

Liaoning is the gateway to Northeast China and Inner Mongolia. Coastal city Dalian, with the biggest port in northeast China, has been selected by the central government to be developed into a transportation hub for Northeast Asia. Dalian also plays the leading role in the coastal economic development of the province. The regional development of Liaoning’s coastal economic belt is specifically mentioned in China’s Twelfth Five Year Plan, building on the Eleventh Five Year Plan, which outlined Liaoning’s “Five Points, One Line” development project, aimed at accelerating the development of five key industrial areas and providing interconnectivity between Liaoning’s coastal cities through the construction of a single road.

Year

GDP (million USD)

GDP growth rate

Foreign Trade (million USD)

Total Imports (million USD)

Total Exports (million USD)

2010

304,638

14.1%

80,670

37,550

43,120

2011

367,098

12.0%

96,300

45,300

51,000

2012

413,355

12.6%

103,990

46,040

57,950

Source: Liaoning Provincial Government Economic & Social Development Statistical Bulletins

Jilin Province

Jilin province holds a predominant position in China’s automobile industry. Jilin currently produces around 2 million units yearly, and has a goal to increase annual production to 4 million. China First Automobile Works, located in Jilin’s capital city, Changchun, is China’s largest automobile group with diversified production and assembly lines, and R&D centers for cars, trucks, and auto parts. Jilin also holds a leading position in the manufacture of railway vehicles in China.

Petrochemicals is another important industry in Jilin, and the province is in the process of upgrading the industry from initial processing to fine chemical production. Jilin City is home to CNPC Jilin Chemical, China’s largest manufacturing base for propylene, MMA, and TMP, and producer of over 32% of China’s oil products.

The province is also focused on developing pharmaceuticals and tourism, both of which are aided by Jilin’s strategic location between mountains and rivers. Jilin also recently signed an agreement with Singapore's Temasek to build the China-Singapore Jilin Food Zone, a food-processing industry park for husbandry breeding, grain processing, and the supply of high-quality food products.

Year

GDP (million USD)

GDP growth rate

Foreign Trade (million USD)

Total Imports (million USD)

Total Exports (million USD)

2010

142,952

13.7%

16,846

4,476

12,370

2011

175,517

13.7%

22,050

17,050

5,000

2012

198,950

13.4%

24,572

18,589

5,983

Source: Jilin Provincial Government Economic & Social Development Statistical Bulletins

Heilongjiang Province

Petrochemicals and equipment manufacturing have traditionally been Heilongjiang’s pillar industries. Heavy industry plays an important role in the provincial economy and Heilongjiang boasts several Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zones. Heilongjiang is also home to the Daqing Oil Field, the largest in China. In addition to petroleum, other important minerals include coal and graphite.

Heilongjiang boasts vast farmland and abundant natural resources such as lumber. The province is Northeast China’s most important agricultural region, and serves as China’s top producer of soybeans. Due to its geographic location, Heilongjiang also plays an important role in trade between Russia and China.

In addition to strengthening its contribution towards national manufacturing and agricultural industries, the province has also focused on developing its dairy industry. Amongst provinces in China, Heilongjiang has the highest number of dairy cows and is the country’s top milk producer. The ongoing World Bank Heilongjiang Dairy Project aims to improve the financial viability of dairy operations within the province and develop innovative technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. International competitive bidding for the project includes purchasing plans for dairy cattle, frozen semen, DHI analytical instruments, TMR feed mixers, and animal waste treatment systems.

Year

GDP (million USD)

GDP growth rate

Foreign Trade (million USD)

Total Imports (million USD)

Total Exports

(million USD)

2010

170,583

12.6%

25,500

16,280

9,220

2011

208,397

12.2%

38,510

10,290

28,220

2012

228,193

9.5%

37,820

23,390

14,440

Source: Heilongjiang Provincial Government Economic & Social Development Statistical Bulletins

Given the speed and direction of the Northeast region’s macro development, excellent export opportunities exist for U.S. companies with products and services in or related to pollution control, clean energy technology, port construction, logistics development, automotive electronics, machine tools and equipment, and downstream food processing systems.

Please contact our office and let our Commercial Officer and team of Commercial Specialists help your business enter and succeed in Northeast China!

Recent and Upcoming Events

The 12th National Games of China

August 31 – September 12, 2013

Shenyang, China

Official Website

U.S. Travel & Tourism Roadshow

Brand USA is collaborating with the Commercial Services of the U.S. Embassy in Beijing and U.S. Consulate in Shenyang to arrange a travel/tourism roadshow in two key cities in Northern China. U.S. partners and key travel agencies in the region will participate.

September 4 – 6, 2013

Shenyang, China

Brand USA

**On June 28, 2013 the U.S. Commercial Service in Shenyang organized the Consulate’s first-ever “Direct Line to American Business” conference call with a focus on how to attract outbound travel and tourism business from northeast China. Click here to access an audio recording and hear from the experts!

Summer Davos World Economic Forum

Summer Davos is the foremost global business gathering in Asia, providing exchange between top business leaders and government decision-makers, as well as influential members of academia, media, and civil society. More than 1,500 participants from 90 countries will attend.

September 11 – 13, 2013

Dalian, China

More Info

Senior Caring Roadshow

This roadshow is being organized by Commercial Service Shenyang in cooperation with AmCham China’s Healthcare Cooperation Program (HCP) and the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The roadshow will include presentations from U.S. participants and local experts in each of the participating cities, networking receptions and roundtable discussions with local authorities, and senior care facility tours.

October 21 – 25, 2013

Shenyang, Dalian, and Harbin, China

HCP Website

More info

Online Application

SelectUSA 2013 Investment Summit

The SelectUSA 2013 Investment Summit will bring together senior White House and Administration officials, top-level corporate executives and investors from around the world, economic development representatives from across America, subject matter experts, and service providers to discuss and promote direct investment in the United States.

October 31 – November 1, 2013

Washington, DC

More Info

U.S. Franchise Trade Mission to China

A Certified Trade Mission by the U.S. Commercial Service, the International Franchise Association (IFA) and Franchise Times are assisting a select group of franchise companies in receiving valuable briefings, research, and meetings with potential Chinese franchisees. In addition to Dalian, the mission will include stops in Beijing, Chongqing, Nanjing, and Qingdao.

November 3 – 8, 2013

Dalian, China

More Info and Online Application

Additional Links and Information

Information on important second-tier cities in Northeast China, Harbin and Dalian.

Overview of Liaoning Province, Jilin Province, and Heilongjiang Province from the U.S. Consulate General in Shenyang.

Webpage of the Foreign Commercial Service at the U.S. Consulate General in Shenyang can be found here.

Contact Us

U.S. Commercial Service, Shenyang

52 Shi Si Wei Road, Heping District

Shenyang, Liaoning 110003, China

Tel: (86-24) 2322-1198

Fax: (86-24) 2322-2206

Email: Office.Shenyang@trade.gov

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