45 227 square km
Estonian is the official language in Estonia. English, Russian, Finnish, and German are also widely spoken
Since January 2011 Estonia is a member of the euro zone and the currency in Estonia is the euro.
All main international airports and air traffic control systems in Estonia are up to the highest international safety standards. American Airlines, Delta, NorthWest and United Airlines offer code share flights run by their partners to this region. The most popular air-routes connecting the Baltics with the USA go through Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Frankfurt, Helsinki, and London. Before making reservations, note that national air carriers of the Baltics have introduced no-frills pricing and service policy on their flights in economy class.
For local travel, many internationally recognized car rentals, such as National, Hertz, Avis, Budget etc. are available.
The local public transport system in Estonia is very well developed and inexpensive.
Comfortable accommodation is available in the most cities and many rural areas in Estonia. Office space or housing can be rented from specialized local agencies or using individual advertisements in specialized newspapers. A list of real estate agencies can be obtained from US Embassies in a respective country.
Food is typically of high quality and variety. Traditional Baltic food is a mixture of traditional Scandinavian and German cuisine with a local touch. The cost varies from inexpensive to moderate, and sizes of dishes, especially in the countryside, are large. Alcoholic beverages are relatively cheap.
U.S. Embassies in the Baltics can provide a list of English speaking physicians and lawyers. There are no recorded notable health risks and public tap water is safe to drink.
In January 2011, Estonia changed over to the euro.
Credit cards issued by MasterCard and Visa are widely accepted. However, American Express and Diners Club owners may experience difficulty finding a place where their cards are accepted. ATMs are widely available, even in smaller towns, although it is advisable for travelers to have local cash before going to remote rural areas. Travelers’ cheques can be exchanged at banks.
Voltage in Estonia is 220-240V, 50 cycles, plugs similar to ones used in Germany and Scandinavia. Voltage transformers, to convert American 110V appliances are available, but not often found. Dual-voltage devices are more practical.
Daylight Saving Time or Summer Time is observed in Estonia. It begins and ends at 2 am local time or 12am Universal Time (Greenwich Mean Time). It starts the last Sunday in March, and ends the last Sunday in October.
So as for the most of the United States Daylight Saving Time begins at 2 a.m. on the first Sunday of April, it gives additional +1 hour time difference between Estonia and the states not observing Daylight Saving Time for the week between last weekend of March and the first weekend of April.
Estonia enjoys a moderate sea climate with relatively high humidity and permanent winds. Summers are warm and winters generally mild with lots of snow and rain. In spite of registered extremes of –29F in a winter and 93F in a summer, winter temperatures usually range between 5F to 32F while in summers between 60F to 78F. Seawater temperature does not exceed 72F and swimming season usually lasts from mid June till mid August. Seasons’ change is smooth with spring and fall periods lasting for two to three months.
Estonia is a modern country, where social and business protocol is somewhat similar to that in the United States. Estonians are level headed, formal, and quite reserved. Titles are very important, as Estonia is still a rather hierarchical country. Relationships are important within the social and business world, as Estonians prefer to deal with people they know and trust.
Visas are not required for American passport holders staying in a country for less than 3 months. Information regarding extension of the stay or how to receive an entry visa for the purpose of work, education, training, or other professional activity may be obtained from a Consulate or an Embassy of the respective Baltic country in the USA.