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Aviation

Overview

Aviation (AIR, APG, AVS) Market in Hong Kong Unit: USD thousands

 

2012

2013

2014
(estimated)

2015
(estimated)

Total Market Size

2,087,033

2,566,753

2,769,715

2,925,952

Total Local Production

0

0

0

0

Total Exports

266,467

258,765

253,589

248,517

Total Imports

2,353,500

2,825,518

3,023,304

3,174,469

Imports from the U.S.

1,384,334

1,695,017

1,805,193

1,886,426

Exchange Rate: 1 USD

7.8

7.8

7.8

7.8

Total Market Size = (Total Local Production + Total Imports) – (Total Exports)
Data Sources:
- Total Local Production: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department
- Total Exports: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department
- Total Imports: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department
- Imports from U.S.: Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department

Hong Kong’s market for aircraft and aircraft parts has shown significant growth in the past few years due to an increase in aircraft movement, passenger numbers and cargo volume. In 2013, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) handled 59.5 million passengers, 4.12 million tons of cargo and 372,040 flight movements. Hong Kong, despite being an international hub with over 100 airlines operating extensive flight connections to 180 destinations worldwide (including 44 mainland China cities), has only one airport with two runways.

As a result of current limited capacity, the Airport Authority Hong Kong (AA) is planning to build a third runway to cope with the expansion of air traffic movements in Hong Kong. The project is estimated to cost US$12.8 billion and expected to be completed by 2023. The AA is currently conducting an environmental impact assessment as well as evaluating the project costs. Should the plan move forward, the third runway will increase maximum runway capacity by 48 percent to accommodate 620,000 flight movements per year.

There are no aircraft, engine, equipment or component manufacturers in Hong Kong; all of these items are imported. Most of the end-users purchase mainly from original equipment manufacturers (OEMS), distributors or the service market. Local aircraft-related distributors, in general, also sell to other markets in Asia, especially mainland China.

There are no barriers to market entry for most products, except defense items. There are also no tariffs on aviation products. Purchase decisions are usually based on quality, price and delivery schedule. However, FAA certificates or the equivalent must be provided for all items. The Airport Authority Hong Kong and government departments (e.g. Government Flying Service, Civil Aviation Department) make purchases through tender selection. For high-value purchases, the Central Government Tender Board makes the selections.

Macau’s gaming sector has stimulated the city’s long-term air traffic growth, including a sizable increase in business aviation. In 2013, the Macau International Airport handled 26,464 tons of air cargo, 5.0 million passengers and 48,950 total aircraft movements, which represent a decrease of 5 percent air cargo tonnage, an increase of 11.9 percent in passenger movements and an increase of 16.6 percent in total aircraft movements compared with figures in 2012. These results demonstrate a steady growth in passenger movements but a decline in air cargo throughput. Macau’s air cargo industry in the near future remains unclear, but the air cargo and air traffic is expected to sustain and grow fairly steadily in the long term due to the closer cooperation between Macau and Guangdong Province.

Sub-Sector Best Prospects

  • Air traffic control use simulators
  • Consumable aircraft parts and expendable items
  • Business jets and related services
  • Training for air traffic controllers and maintenance personnel
  • Devices to improve aircraft safety management

Opportunities

With global economic uncertainty and rising operational costs, both legacy airlines and low-cost carriers are outsourcing to Maintenance Repair Overhaul (MRO) operators. Therefore, MRO operators have become major buyers of aircraft parts and ground support equipment.

The major MRO operators in Hong Kong are: Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Co. Ltd. (HAECO), China Aircraft Services Ltd (CASL), Jet Aviation- Hong Kong and Pan Asia Pacific Aviation Services (PAPAS).

In addition, market opportunities arising from the building of a third runway with supporting facilities and infrastructure look promising for U.S. firms. Development of this three-runway system will involve the construction of related taxiway systems and airfield facilities, construction of passenger concourses, as well as the expansion of the existing Terminal 2. Potential suppliers should take note of public concern over the environmental impact of the third runway project.

Web Resources

Trade Shows / Exhibitions / Conferences:

Zhuhai Airshow
Date: November 11-16, 2014
Location: Zhuhai, Guangdong, China
Website: http://www.airshow.com.cn

China Aerospace & Aviation Technology Show
Dates: April 14-16, 2015
Location: Shanghai, China
Website: http://www.abace.aero/

Industry Contacts:

Airport Authority Hong Kong
http://www.hongkongairport.com

Civil Aviation Department
http://www.cad.gov.hk

Association of Asia Pacific Airlines
http://www.aapairlines.org

U.S. Commercial Service Hong Kong

For more information, contact our colleague who covers this industry sector:

Contact: Ms. Kimmy Lee, Commercial Specialist
U.S. Commercial Service Hong Kong
Tel: (852) 2521-1467
Fax: (852) 2845-9800
Email: Kimmy.lee@trade.gov
Website: http://export.gov/hongkong