Biofuel Development Indonesia (2008)
Indonesia started to develop the biofuel industry in 2006. The increase in mineral oil prices and the subsequent reduction of the fuel subsidy have considerably improved the feasibility of biofuel in Indonesia. In promoting the production of biofuel, the Indonesian government already had a number of legal instruments, including the Presidential Decree No. 5/2006 on national policies for optimizing energy use and the Presidential Instruction No. 1/2006 on the use of biofuel. This report focuses on recent developments and opportunities for U.S. suppliers of products and services in the biofuel industry.
Geothermal Development Indonesia (2008)
Indonesia has the largest geothermal energy potentials in the world; however, the utilization of the resource is still low. The increase in mineral oil prices and the subsequent reduction of the fuel subsidy have considerably improved the feasibility of geothermal in Indonesia. The government plans to launch the second crash program of developing 10,000 MW power plants. Unlike the first crash program, which uses coal as the main resource for power plant, the second program will utilize renewable energy resources such as water, hydro, solar and geothermal. The program will generate power supply of 6,867 megawatt (MW) from geothermal power plants, with total investment of US$ 19.8 billion. This report focuses on recent developments and opportunities for U.S. suppliers of products and services in geothermal.
Renewable Energy Indonesia (2010)
Indonesia has the largest geothermal energy potentials in the world and offers opportunities in wind, solar, biomass, and hydropower. However, the utilization of the resources is still low. The increase in mineral oil prices and the subsequent reduction of fuel subsidies have considerably improved the feasibility of renewable energy (RE) in Indonesia. The Government of Indonesia aims to increase the use of new and renewable resources to produce energy from 4.4 percent of energy mix currently to 25 percent by 2025. The target is certainly achievable given Indonesia's massive potential RE resources. Potential supplies of geothermal, solar, wind, micro hydro and biomass energy are estimated at 160 gigawatts of electric capacity. However, the development of RE has been slow because the state-of-art technology involved for this energy is more expensive than energy produced by conventional hydrocarbon-fired plants. Commercial opportunities for U.S. companies exist in equipment and technology related to RE energy development.
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