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Agriculture Equipment and Machinery

Overview

 

2008

2009

2010

Total Market Size

491

573

300

Total Local Production

17

16

36

Total Exports

6

3

3

Total Imports

480

560

267

Imports from the U.S.

180

196

46

In USD Millions; Source: The above statistics are unofficial estimates based on Kazakhstan customs data and industry sources.

Agriculture accounts for approximately 6% of Kazakhstan’s economic production. Agricultural land occupies about 93 million hectares with 22 million hectares of arable land. Farmers raise sheep and cattle and chief livestock products include dairy goods, leather, meat, and wool. The country’s major crops are wheat, barley, cotton, and rice with wheat exports, a major source of hard currency, ranking among the leading commodities in Kazakhstan's export trade. Kazakhstan’s land code allows private ownership of agricultural land or long-term lease for Kazakhstani companies.

Nearly 80% of machinery currently in use is at the end of its lifecycle and needs to be replaced.

Tractors in use for more than 10 years account for 94% of the entire fleet, while harvesting combines in similar conditions make up 77%. Due to the financial crisis, most farmers lost access to bank loans and the annual rate of replacing worn-out equipment has slowed to 1% for tractors and 3% for harvesting combines.

Local production of agricultural machinery and equipment is insignificant so Kazakhstani farmers heavily depend on imports. In 2010, the Kazakhstani agricultural machinery and equipment sector was estimated at $300 million, of which $266 million was imported. Russia is a market leader for agricultural machinery and equipment with a 40% market share. Germany, Canada, Netherlands, Belarus, Turkey, and China are other large suppliers. In 2010, Kazakhstani agricultural companies made their largest investments in grain harvesting combines (23% of all imported machinery and equipment), equipment for the poultry industry (15%), grain handling equipment (13%), and seeders and planting machines (12%).

The strong downward trend in the market size in 2010 reflects the consequences of the financial crisis which began in 2008 as well as Kazakhstan’s entrance into a Customs Union (CU) with Russia and Belarus last year. U.S. share has decreased dramatically from 35% of all imports in 2009 to 17% in 2010. The change in the suppliers’ breakdown reflects new economic realities resulting from the new CU regulations when import tariffs on most agricultural machinery and equipment imported from outside the CU increased by 15% on average.

Another result of entering into the CU is an anticipated increase in the local production/ assembly of agricultural machinery and equipment. In recent years, Kazakhstan launched several assembly projects with firms from Russia, Ukraine and Belarus which are now actively developing. The Government of Kazakhstan’s Industrial Development Program has set new goals to double the local production of agricultural machinery and increase its exports to 8% by 2014.

Best Prospects/Services

U.S. exports to Kazakhstan consist mostly of grain harvesting combines, reapers, sprayers, tractors, seeders, cultivators, and grain drying and cleaning equipment. American products enjoy an excellent reputation with Kazakhstani producers. In light of the lower dollar exchange rate vs. the Euro, Kazakhstani producers are interested in purchasing U.S.-made equipment.

Best prospects include: 100-150 horse power (hp) tractors and combines for the southern regions, tractors of greater than 250 hp and combines for the northern regions, pneumatic seeders, reapers, sprayers, grain drying and cleaning technologies, storage quality control systems, engineering and design services for cattle feed complexes, and on-farm processing facilities.

Opportunities

The government of Kazakhstan and local producers are looking for partners to increase domestic production of some agricultural equipment and set up new manufacturing and assembly facilities of agricultural machinery and equipment by attracting foreign investment and expertise.