Ethiopia has the second largest population in Africa with over 96 million people. Over the last decade the Ethiopian economy has had an average growth of over 10%, making it the 12th fastest growing economy in the world in 2012. This strong growth was largely due to expansion of services and agriculture sectors. Ethiopia’s government is currently trying to diversify into manufacturing, textiles and energy generation in order to decrease the country’s dependency on agriculture. In addition, various government policies have been successful in decreasing the inflation rates to single digits. The Ethiopian government also has set high goals for 2015 including: 11-14.9% economic growth rate, an increased road and railroad network, and a power generation capacity increased by 400%.
Ethiopia is viewed as having significantly less corruption than many of its neighbors. But it has one of the least free economies in the region and several sectors, including telecommunications, transportation, and finance, remain under state control. Ethiopia’s economy relies heavily on agriculture, which is subject to frequent droughts and poor cultivation processes. Other challenges for businesses include an inexperienced judicial system, limited access to capital, high unemployment rates, as well as a largely illiterate and semi-skilled workforce.
For more details on Doing Business in Ethiopia, read the Ethiopia Country Commercial Guide, at this link: Country Commercial Guide.
Capital: Addis Ababa
GDP: $144.6 billion (2014 est.)
GDP: $1,600 (2014 est.)
U.S. Exports to Ethiopia (2014): USD 1,651 million
Ethiopia Exports to U.S. (2013): USD 206.78 million
Embassy of the United States Addis Ababa
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 (0) 11130-6588
Phone: +251 (0) 11124-2420