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Quick Facts

Capital: Warsaw

of_Poland.svg.png Flag olski.svg.png Coat of arms

Anthem: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego

Total Area: 312,685 km² (sq km)

  • Land Size: 304,465 km²
  • Water Area: 8,220 km²

Shares borders with: Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belorussia, Lithuania, and Russia

Population: 38 million

Ethnic Groups: 96.7% Polish, 3.3% others

Life Expectancy: 69 years for men, 78 years for women

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

  • President - Bronisław Komorowski,
  • Prime Minister - Donald Tusk

Currency: 1 USD = 2.9 Polish zloty (PLN), exchange rate for:

  • 2008 – 2,4 PLN
  • 2009 – 3,12 PLN
  • 2010 – 3,02 PLN

GDP (PPP): 5,4% per capita in 2004, 5,1% in 2009 estimate

  • Total: $727.086 billion
  • Per capita $18,705

Drives on the: right

Cars license plate: PL

Telephone country prefix: 48

Internet country code: .pl

Natural Resources: hard and brown coal, copper, zinc, lead, sulphur, rock salt and construction minerals

Climate: oceanic in the north and west and continental towards the south and east. Summers are warm, with temperatures between 17 °C (63 °F) and 20 °C (68.0 °F). Winters are cold, with average temperatures between 3 °C (37.4 °F) and −6 °C (21.2 °F).

Administrative divisions: Poland currently has 16 voivodeships (provinces). The voivodeships are subdivided into 379 powiats (often referred to in English as counties), and these are further divided into 2,478 gminas (also known as communes or municipalities)